China, or officially the People's Republic of China, is the world's second largest country by size, and the largest in terms of population. The country offers a wide variety of landscapes, from deserts to forests, with rugged terrain and mountain ranges.

Since the late 70s, China has become the world's fastest growing economy, and its largest exporter of goods. Since the 90s, significant investment has been made on the country's transport system, with the national road network expaned, and the posession of the world's longest network of high speed rail routes.